- Technically, Maulana Saad DID NOT do a full Rujoo. His Rujoo was only limited to his statement on Prophet Musa AS.
- Maulana Saad continues to make controversial statements deemed outside Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah even after the Rujoo.
- Darul Uloom Deoband and many other institutions have not retracted their fatwas and stance on Maulana Saad. In fact, in 2023, they issued a new fatwa on Maulana Saad claiming their previous negative remarks on him still hold (See the 2023 Fatwa)
What is a Rujoo?
A Rujoo is a formal process, in which an individual demonstrates his repentance, in order to make peace with an institution (in this case Darul Uloom Deoband) for making remarks which were deemed heretical or contradictory to the institution’s standpoint.
A Rujoo is not the same as a Tawbah, which is repentance to Allah SWT whereas a Rujoo is towards an institution.
A Rujoo is not to be taken lightly
A person may not simply make an erroneous statement publicly and thereafter vindicates himself by making a Rujoo overnight. Such abuse of Rujoo is abhorred. Rujoo conditions have thus been meticulously set in the past to ensure the sanctity of the process.
The Conditions of Rujoo
A Rujoo’s condition varies between institutions but the following conditions are typical:
- The individual must admit and show strong remorse in ALL of his contradictory statements.
- The individual must issue a retracting statement in the same manner as how the contradictory statement was issued. For example, if the contradictory statement was published in writing, the retracting statement must also be published in writing as well.
- The individual must never repeat his contradictory statement again.
Maulana Saad Rujoo: First Attempt
NOTE: Before reading further, please understand that our aim is to preserve the pure doctrine (Manhaj) and history of Tabligh, no matter how bitter it is. As generations come, this history may be forgotten. We do not promote hate, and certainly not backbiting. See our article ‘Backbiting vs Warning‘. No matter how bad a Muslim is, he is still our Muslim brother. We love and hate only for the sake of Allah.
On December 2016, Maulana Saad sent a delegation to Darul Uloom Deoband with a letter admitting his mistakes but at the same time explaining and defending his statements. He argued that he has references and proof for his statements. In other words, he was trying to establish his incorrect and misguided position.
Maulana Abdul Malek, a well-renowned scholar from Bangladesh, states in his article regarding Maulana Saad’s First Rujoo:
Is there a need for Rujoo if someone assumes they are correct and has evidence to support their statements? Can this be considered as valid ruju? or will it be considered that they are trying to unjustly prove they are correct? Obviously such an act defeats the very objective of the Rujoo!
On top of that, the delegation had a 6-hour-long discussion in which Darul Uloom Deoband felt that the delegation came with a hostile attitude towards them. Darul Uloom Deoband was perceived to be against the work of dawah.
Ml Saad himself wrote in his Rujoo letter, being critical of Darul Uloom Deoband:
This lowly one considers it a very disappointment the ill thoughts that important people like yourselves – who are responsible for an international academic center – have had regarding the ideologies and thoughts, position and way of this lowly one and his associates. This shown uncooperativeness with the blessed effort of Dawah and Tabligh and it’s Markaz.
Darul Uloom Deoband thus did not accept Maulana Saad’s Rujoo and thus published the first fatwa.
Maulana Saad Rujoo: Second Attempt
On 11th December 2016, Maulana Saad sent his second Rujoo letter explaining the confusion issue from the first Rujoo attempt. The Rujoo was similar to the first Rujoo with a few omissions. Darul Uloom Deoband was satisfied.
Two days later, on 13th December 2016, Darul Uloom Deoband was prepared to send a letter to Maulana Saad stating that his Rujoo had been accepted.
However, evidence reached Darul Uloom Deoband that Maulana Saad had repeated his objectionable statement regarding Prophet Musa (AS) that very day in his Fajr speech. Moreover, he also made an objectionable statement about Prophet Yusuf (AS). Thus, Darul Uloom Deoband decided not to send the letter.
Within the span of two days, Maulana Saad did Rujoo only to repeat the very same statements as if his Rujoo is just a matter of play and games!
Maulana Saad Rujoo: Third Attempt
One month later, on January 2017, Maulana Saad sent his third Rujoo letter to Darul Uloom Deoband. In this letter, in regard to the matter of Prophet Musa (AS), he argued that whatever he said could be understood from a different context. He tries to prove that he is correct in this very aspect. He claimed his statements were only Marjuh (relatively weak) and not Baatil (false). He even said, if my words are not Baatil, I make Rujoo regardless.
Mufti Abdul Malek writes
Na’udhubillah. This was his third ruju! Decide for yourselves if it is valid or not? He made unconditional ruju but insisted in presenting arguments in favor of it. Can this be considered a valid ruju?
Darul Uloom Deoband replied by sending a letter rejecting his Rujoo’ and refuting the arguments that had been presented, and he needs to show repentance. They also stated that since his statements were made in public in front of hundreds of thousands of people, the Rujoo must be done in public as well.
Maulana Saad Rujoo: Fourth Attempt
Maulana Saad sent his fourth Rujoo letter admitting his mistakes on the third Rujoo.
As one of the Rujoo conditions is, “the retractive statement must be made in the same manner as how the contradictory statements were made”, the next stage of the Rujoo was to proceed with a public Rujoo.
Maulana Saad did two public Rujoos
- On the 2nd of December 2017 in Nizamuddin, during the Taleem of Hayatus-Sahabah, where he openly declared his Rujoo on his Statements on Prophet Musa AS.
- On the 11th of January 2018 in Kakrail Masjid, where he openly declared his Rujoo in his Statements on Prophet Musa AS.
Deoband finds Maulana Saad Rujoo insincere as he continues his deviation despite the Rujoo
On the 31st of January 2018, Darul Uloom Deoband issued an official clarification on their position with regard to Maulana Saad’s Rujoo.
In a nutshell, the Rujoo was only accepted for his statements on Prophet Musa AS. That was the only Rujoo he made! Darul Uloom Deoband expressed great concerns regarding the divergence of Maulana Saad as he continues to make controversial statements despite the Rujoo. The original 2016 Fatwa was never retracted.
We have made a comprehensive list of Maulana Saad’s controversial statements after his Rujoo.
Below is the English translation of Darul Uloom Deoband’s Letter Clarifying their stance on Maulana Saad’s Rujoo.
Clarification of Darul Uloom Deoband about Ruju of Maulana Saad Kandhlawi (Maulana Saad Rujoo)
31 January 2018
There are repeated requests from within India and outside that Darul Uloom Deoband should express its view regarding the Rujoo (revocation) of Maulana Muhammad Saad from his comments about the Prophet Musa (peace be upon him).
It is hereby clarified that as far as the Ruju of Maulana Muhammad Saad from this particular issue (about Prophet Musa) is concerned it is somehow satisfactory. However, concerns about the intellectual misguidance expressed in Darul Uloom’s position cannot be ignored. Even after many attempts on Rujoo, we have noticed that the incumbent person is still making new controversial statements. The same self-styled Ijtihad, wrong arguments, and incorrect interpretation of Sharia texts on his specific thought about Da’wah are prominent. Due to this, not only the servants of Darul Uloom, but all other scholars of Haqq (righteous scholars) strongly oppose strongly oppose his ideology.
Those who turn to us in this regard are once again reminded that Darul Uloom Deoband has distanced itself from the internal dispute of Tablighi Jamat and it has declared its impartiality clearly from the beginning. However, whenever people approach Darul Uloom for its views about wrong ideologies and thoughts, Darul Uloom always strives to guide the Ummah considering it its religious duty.
Signatures (Maulana Mufti) Abul Qasim Nomani, (Maulana Mufti) Sayeed Ahmad Palanpuri, (Maulana Syed) Arshad Madani. Date 13/05/1439 AH / 31/01/2018